For every one of us, we should be privy to the fact that no environment is free from any sorts of viruses. Parvovirus is considered omnipresent. This is to say that there is a chance of the mutant of the virus from a previous host in every corner of your home or yard. This is the smallest virus on earth.
What is Parvo?
Parvovirus, also known as Parvo, is a viral disease that affects the dog and is highly contagious. If not treated, the disease can be deadly, and the best remedy is through vaccination of your canine. It attacks the dog’s intestinal tract causing both diarrhea and vomiting. Your dog will end up being dehydrated, which makes it lose appetite and stop eating. This may eventually lead to death.
Risk Factors and Preventions
Every dog breeder or canine owner should be privy to signs and symptoms of Parvovirus.
- A non-fumigated home, garage, or yard is an extremely dangerous zone.
- Contaminated shaded areas in your yard can play host to the virus for some time. The life span of the virus can be as long as six months to seven months.
- You might assume that your yard or lawn is safe, but given that the lifespan of this virus is vast, you may be exposing your dog.
- A dog aged four months and above need be immunized to avoid exposure to the parvovirus.
- A person who has recently handled or been in contact with an infected dog poses a great danger to your dog
How can Parvovirus infect your dog?
A breeder who gets in contact with any contaminated animal may be able to transmit the virus to his dog(s).
- Dog to dog contact.
- Man to dog contact
- Exposure to contaminated bowls, shoes, clothes, leashes, or infected pee or feces
The incubation period of Parvo virus in dogs
Unfortunately, the incubation period of the virus in dogs takes a lengthy timeline – about seven days. This is the period your dog or pet comes in contact with a contaminated environment up to the time it exhibits signs of illness.
Signs and symptoms of Parvovirus
- Lack of appetite or not eating at all
- Stomach discomfort and diarrhea coupled with vomiting
- Smelly diarrhea and showing no activity
- Increased heart rate
- Sore/swollen tummy
- Blood in stool
- Weight loss
- Depression and restlessness.
- Body fever
How long should this dog be isolated?
This being a ferocious infection given the indications and signs mentioned. The rate of survival for infected dogs is very slim. However, those puppies or dogs who are vaccinated and make it through the initial three to four days have a chance to survive and can be fully recovered. The question therefore occurs, are they safe to mingle with other animals in their surroundings? Or they may need to be isolated to get better. Then how long should this seclusion take?
- The dog which is infected by the virus may be in an incubation period of up to five days.
- It may shed the virus for up to ten days after recovering.
- This dog should be isolated and kept away from the unvaccinated dogs and those who have started their vaccination journey.
- A dog infected with the parvovirus can also have a secondary infection or be infected by a parasite, leading to a deadly illness.
- Whereas contaminated pooches or puppies may take some time before shedding off the disease, there is a concern about how long it should be isolated.
English Springer Spaniels are some of the breeds that ate at a high risk of parvo and may look healthy and strong. Each dog incubated the disease differently. The Spaniels are the breeds whose puppies can take four to five days with the virus before exhibiting any signs.
The virus can also have a lifespan of approximately one month as the dog is in isolation in a kennel or a caged area. The parvovirus is known to survive for a longer period when outside.
Some other dog breeds which are at high risk of contracting this highly contagious disease, which precisely affect the gastrointestinal system of a canine, are:
- Labrador Retriever
- German Shepherd
- American Staffordshire
- Doberman Pinscher
When you own these breeds as your pet or companion, you must put in place the best workable quarantine procedure for any infected dog undergoing therapy. However, there is no known cure for parvovirus.
All that one needs to do is to offer supportive care during the time of its illness. So long as you can treat the symptoms by providing the required nutrition, you can continue with the isolation. The virus weakens the dog’s system. It lowers the white cell count, which exposes the dog to other secondary bacterial infections. It is only your vet who can guide on the treatment of the dog. As severe as may be, he will be the one to let you know how long your dog will recover or be isolated.
It is very well known that quarantine for any virus is a fourteen-day isolation duration. A dog in isolation should be put in a warm, quiet, disinfected, and comfortable place. As the quarantine process is being implemented, you should continue with the required nourishment provisions for recuperation. The dog should be in a place where no dog has been kept before to avoid any further contamination, and the handlers should be well outfitted to avoid man to animal transmission.
You can also make sure that the doggie should be put on liquids during this moment due to the dehydration caused by the parvovirus. The equipment used for play and exercise activities should be cleaned as frequently as possible.
The severity of symptoms determines isolation time as some canines can shed off the infection within the quarantine period or even a whole loth. You must be sure that your dog is totally out of there to eat of the parvovirus.
The bottom line is that all dogs should be vaccinated, and in case they ate contaminated food, they should be isolated under the care of a qualified and verified vet. Isolate your dog for as long as the parvovirus symptoms are still in existence.